ADHD in Children and Teens: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that affects children and teens. It is characterized by symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that can significantly impact academic and social functioning. At our mental health practice, we offer comprehensive ADHD evaluations and individualized treatment plans to help children and teens manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.ADHD in Children and Teens: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options
Symptoms of ADHD in Children and Teens
ADHD symptoms can manifest differently in children and teens. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- Inattention: Children and teens with ADHD may struggle with paying attention, following directions, and completing tasks.
- Hyperactivity: They may be fidgety, restless, and have difficulty sitting still or staying quiet.
- Impulsivity: They may act without thinking, interrupt others, and have trouble waiting their turn.
It is important to note that these symptoms must persist for at least six months and interfere with daily functioning to be diagnosed as ADHD.
Causes of ADHD in Children and Teens
The exact causes of ADHD are not fully understood, but research suggests that a combination of genetic and environmental factors may play a role. Some of the factors that may increase the risk of developing ADHD include:
- Genetics: ADHD tends to run in families, and children with a parent or sibling with ADHD are more likely to develop the disorder.
- Brain Structure and Function: Research suggests that differences in brain structure and function may contribute to ADHD.
- Environmental Factors: Factors such as prenatal alcohol or tobacco exposure, premature birth, and low birth weight may increase the risk of ADHD.
Treatment Options for ADHD in Children and Teens
At Pediatric and Adult Behavioral Counseling, we offer a range of evidence-based treatment options to help children and teens with ADHD manage their symptoms. Some of the most effective treatments include:
- Medication: Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate and amphetamines can help improve attention, reduce hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
- Behavioral Therapy: Behavioral therapy can help children and teens develop skills to manage their symptoms, such as improving organization and time management.
- Parent Training and Support: Parent training can help parents develop strategies to manage their child's behavior and improve family functioning.
ADHD can significantly impact a child's academic and social functioning, but with the right treatment, children and teens with ADHD can manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. PABC offers comprehensive ADHD evaluations and individualized treatment plans to help children and teens with ADHD thrive. Contact us to schedule an appointment today.